The Pende recognize no common authority, and show little respect for their chiefs. They have no dynastic traditions. They are matrilineal, and the eldest maternal uncle in the family is recognized as head of the lineage, which exercises social control within individual communities
The Pende people are primarily farmers, who cultivate millet, maize, plantains, and peanuts. Occasional hunting is conducted with nets, bows, arrows or guns, and fishing with traps or baskets.